C A T A R A C T S

A cataract is a clouding of the lens inside the eye.  The lens is normally clear.  It focuses light rays on the retina, which is the part of the eye that enables us to see images, colors, and light.  Over time, a cataract can cause blurring or reduced vision.  Your eyes may become sensitive to light. You may experience glare from lights, especially at night. You may be unable to see colors as well as before.
 

Cataracts can result from:

  • Aging
  • Eye injuries
  • Certain diseases
  • Steroid Medications
  • Genetic inheritance
  • Smoking
  • High alcohol intake
  • Exposure to UV light
  

Cataract Facts

- Cataracts are the major cause of treatable visual problems in the U.S.

- Six out of 10 people over age 60 have some form of cataract, and eight out of 10 people over age 80 have it.

- About 1.5 million cataract operations are performed each year in the U.S.  (That's over 4000 a day!)

- Over 98 percent of people who have cataract surgery have a successful outcome.

- Some cataracts may not cause visual problems.

Cataract Treatment

   The cataract may not need treatment at all if the vision is only slightly blurry.  A change in your eyeglass prescription may improve vision for a while.

   There are no medications, eye drops, exercises, or glasses that will cause cataracts to disappear once they have formed.  When you are not able to see well enough to do the things you like to do, cataract surgery should be considered.  Surgery is the only way to remove a cataract.
  At Physicians Eye Center we offer the most modern type of cataract surgery, small-incision clear cornea phacoemulsification (ultrasound). This advanced technique allows us the give you the best possible vision after surgery with a very fast recovery time.  


The Intraocular Implant

   Surgery is done in the outpatient surgery center. Hospitalization is not required. During surgery the cloudy lens is removed from the eye. Once the cataract is removed, a lens implant (IOL) is placed to allow excellent vision. Cataracts can not be removed with a laser, only through surgical excision.

When is a Laser Used?

   The posterior capsule sometimes turns cloudy several months or years after the original cataract operation. If this blurs your vision, a clear opening can be made painlessly in the center of the membrane with a laser. Laser surgery is never part of the original cataract operation.

M I S C O N C E P T I O N S

Cataracts are NOT...

  • a film over the eye
  • caused by overused eyes
  • a cancer
  • spread from one eye to the other
  • a cause of irreversible blindness

Click here for information about what to do after cataract surgery.